Teach English in Mexico

Concluding an Essay


Have you ever heard of the statement, “going out with a bang”? Like any other session, an academic essay should conclude with an interesting paragraph. The conclusion is very prominent in an essay. Readers, who have a habit of making a decision on whether or not to read a text, first read the introduction and skip to the conclusion to get an idea of what is on offer. As such, the conclusion should get attention equal to the rest of the essay.

Therefore, to know how to write a thoughtful essay is also to know how to write a conclusion. Remember though, your essay should flow seamlessly from the introduction, through the body and onto the concluding paragraph, or section. As a result, you should perfect the skill of writing well transitioning paragraphs, so that the conclusion does not have the effect of a ‘jarring end’, where the reader is abruptly cut off from the essay’s flow.

Points to Note in a Conclusion


Most academic essays use the concluding paragraph to summarize the essay or re-mention the thesis statement. However, this practice makes the conclusion read as a deliberate attempt to fulfill a pre-defined word count. A conclusion is especially ineffective if it re-phrases the introduction. To remedy this, consider using this section as a re-interpretation of an essay’s arguments. Make it read as trial lawyers’ closing arguments – interesting and thought provoking.

While a well-written academic essay should contain aspects of critical thinking, a majority of conclusions contains bland descriptions of their essay’s content and ignores the reasoning the writer aimed for. This should not be the case; the concluding section should leave the reader with a desire to find out more about the essay’s subject.

Therefore, the conclusion should inform the reader of the essay’s arguments, but form the base for future arguments. It should not spell the end of a debate; rather it should indicate the writer’s grasp of the topic, to an extent that a reader would be comfortable to consume a related topic.

On the other hand, a conclusion should not necessarily be limited to one paragraph. The scope and length of the essay should indicate the breadth of the conclusion. That is, a concluding section (made of several paragraphs) should match a lengthy essay, while a short essay should have a shorter, one-paragraph conclusion.

What to Write in a Conclusion


What to write in a conclusion is as important as how to write a conclusion. The conclusion should contain a reflection of an essay’s content, an indication of why the essay’s arguments were relevant to the topic, and a suggestion on how an essay’s arguments could inform future topics. Academic papers that have a wider scope may include a Recommendation, Summary, or Future Research section, in addition to the Conclusion section. An essay’s conclusion should therefore include aspects of these sections.

Remember, the conclusion is an important part of your essay. It shows how well you presented your arguments in the preceding sections and your command of the underlying concepts. Therefore, it would be a good practice to mention some of the concepts, facts, and reasoning you presented earlier with a view of summing the essay’s stand. Ultimately, the conclusion will leave as much of an impression as the rest of content.


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